The objective of this project is to design, engineer, construct/fabricate, test and qualify a full scale prototype subsea chemical storage and injection system (Subsea-Shuttle) for low dosage rate production chemicals to enhance offshore oil production. Offshore, ‘enhanced oil recovery’ can be the difference between economically drilling a subsea well and achieving primary and often secondary (usually water injection) recoveries (50/60%) versus leaving the resources in the ground (0% recovery) due to the high cost of dry tree, platform supported wells. The project goal is to develop and qualify this new technology which will help reduce the cost of subsea well tie-backs and extend their reach to unlock stranded resources.
Subsea Shuttle LLC, Houston, TX 77024-5719
Genesis, Houston, TX 77027
Seanic Ocean Systems, Katy, TX 77493
Ultra-deepwater oil and gas production systems routinely cost multiple billions of dollars and require multiple appraisal wells at costs in the hundred-million-dollar range (each) to justify sanction, followed by years of delayed production while designing, constructing, and installing the required facilities. According to numerous industry forecasts, a growing number of oil and gas accumulations in deepwater will be developed via long tie backs of subsea wells to existing host facilities. One of the key challenges to the success of these subsea well tie backs is to safely and reliably supply the necessary chemicals to maintain wellbore integrity and flow assurance in the long-distance flowline.
Virtually all wells, particularly subsea wells require production chemicals to prevent and/or mitigate corrosion within the wellbore and flowline blockage from wax, paraffin, hydrate and other deposition. Onshore and offshore dry tree (platform based production systems) well treatment is straight forward with direct (surface – platform) access to point of chemical need. For subsea wells, current technology is to deliver these chemicals via an umbilical; a complex, multi-component, wire, fiber and chemical conduit tubes bundled together and positioned across the seafloor from host platform to subsea well. The umbilical is purpose engineered for each application, has long delivery schedules and is expensive to build and install. Once installed they are prone to clogging if chemical usage is changed, as is often necessary over the life of a well. Even if the umbilical doesn’t clog or corrode over the life of the well, at abandonment they are expensive to remove and are not reusable. Even more problematic, for long offsets subsea wells, the umbilical cannot flow the required volumes of high viscosity chemicals across the significant offset distances and still have sufficient pressure to flow into high pressure subsea wells. By providing the required chemical injection local to need, subsea, the most expensive part of the umbilical, the chemical tubes can be removed, significantly reducing umbilical cost and allow much longer offsets to host platform facilities.
While individually subsea wells are usually exploiting smaller resource plays and may have less reserves when compared to the giant offshore platform developed fields, in aggregate and particularly in the Gulf of Mexico (GOM), they could represent significant reserve and production potential. They are much cheaper than dry tree wells (which require a platform) and can be developed much more quickly.
Without the development and commercialization of the proposed technology, billions of barrels of oil equivalent could go undeveloped or unrecovered. This project will help safely develop and enhance recovery of resources from these long offset reservoirs, adding royalty revenues, jobs, and energy security, which are of particular importance in today’s low product price environment. Also, the additional production from subsea wells feeding a host platform may both 1) extend the potential life of the host facility and 2) generate better host facility economics by spreading host facility’s fixed cost over more barrels of through-put added from the subsea tie-back.
The Subsea-Shuttle™ is pressure compensated and reusable over a very wide operational envelop; lending itself to commercial deployment on a rental basis. As well conditions change with time, the unit may be recovered and redeployed with different chemical at the same well, or redeployed at a new location. In additional to technical benefits, this feature provides a benefit of moving the cost from a capital expenditure (CAPEX) to an operating expense (OPEX).
The project was initiated on April 1, 2020
Subsea Shuttle Subsea Chemical Storage Unit 2020 06 08 Draft 7 [Youtube], June 2020