The U.S. Department of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) has selected five research and development projects to receive Phase I funding through the “Fit-for-Purpose Field Project: Developing and Validating Pressure Management and Plume Control Strategies through a Brine Extraction Storage Test (BEST)” under NETL’s Carbon Storage Program. The term “fit for purpose” refers to research focused on developing specific subsurface engineering approaches that address research needs critical for advancing carbon capture and storage to commercial scale. Projects selected will have an opportunity to continue to Phase II field projects through a down-select process.
Awards resulting from this funding opportunity announcement will be used to conduct research on managing formation pressure plumes at carbon storage sites as well as on measuring and monitoring the movement of the differential pressure plumes in the subsurface for future saline CO2 storage projects.
These projects will also contribute to the creation of test bed(s) for technologies to treat brine extracted from the storage formation. Advanced brine treatment technologies being developed under NETL’s Crosscutting Research Program may have an opportunity to be tested in the Phase II field project. These projects are the first step in understanding how to utilize the subsurface safely while potentially providing a valuable water resource.
Project descriptions follow.
Brine Extraction & Treatment Strategies to Enhance Pressure Management & Control of CO2 Plumes in Deep Geologic Foundation
The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois (Champaign, IL), the Illinois State Geological Survey at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Archer Daniels Midland Corporation, Schlumberger Carbon Services, and Trimeric Corporation are working together to develop and validate pressure management and CO2 plume control strategies based on computational and field demonstration work at the Archer Daniels Midland Corporation facility. New and existing wells will be used to investigate field-ready development and monitoring strategies to manage pressure and control CO2 plumes.
Cost: DOE: $1,432,500 / Non DOE: $358,193 / Total Funding: $1,790,693 (20 percent cost share)
Gulf Coast Field Demonstration at a Flagship Power Plant Site: Assessment of Opportunities for Optimal Reservoir Pressure Control, Plume Management, and Produced Water Strategies
Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. (Palo Alto, CA), Southern Company, Advanced Resources International, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have teamed together to achieve project objectives that include compiling available data leading to the selection of a preferred project location; conducting a life-cycle economic analysis for produced water extraction, treatment, and transportation; developing monitoring and water injection/production strategies for measuring and controlling the subsurface reservoir pressure and plume; and preparing a series of work plans that can be used to implement the field demonstration project. Southern Company has agreed to host the Phase II field demonstration at one of its flagship power stations: Plant Daniel, Plant Gorgas, Plant Miller, or Plant Bowen.
Cost: DOE: $1,244,918 / Non DOE: $312,000 / Total Funding: $1,007,409 (20 percent cost share)
Field Demonstration of Active Reservoir Pressure Management through Fluid Injection and Displaced Fluid Extraction at Rock Springs Uplift, a Priority Geologic CO2 Storage Site for Wyoming
The University of Wyoming (Laramie, WY), Carbon Management Institute, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and Schlumberger have teamed together to develop and validate advanced technologies and engineering approaches for predicting, monitoring, and managing pressure plumes and to develop a test site for deploying treatment technologies for extracted brines. The team will also develop and validate advanced subsurface fluid flow simulation technologies using various injection and storage scenarios to predict reservoir pressure responses and CO2/injected fluid plume migration pathways and distributions. The proposed field site is the Rock Springs Uplift Carbon Capture and Storage site.
Cost: DOE: $1,569,487 / Non DOE: $402,599 / Total Funding: $1,972,086 (20 percent cost share)
Pressure Management and Plume Control Strategies through a Brine Extraction Storage Test at the Devine Test Site in Texas
The University of Texas at Austin (Austin, TX) and GE Global Research will test active brine extraction wells, passive pressure relief wells, and combinations of both, to control the pressure buildup in the storage formation. Under each pressure management strategy, a complete life-cycle analysis for brine, along with brine handling strategies, will be developed. The proposed study will include some lab and pre-pilot scaling work to obtain the design parameters for Phase II. The proposed field site is the University of Texas at Austin’s Devine test site.
Cost: DOE: $1,487,203 / Non DOE: $377,835 / Total Funding: $1,865,038 (20 percent cost share)
Developing and Validating Pressure Management and Plume Control Strategies in the Williston Basin through a Brine Extraction and Storage Test
The University of North Dakota Energy and Environmental Research Center (Grand Forks, ND), GE Global Research, Computer Modeling Group, and Schlumberger Carbon Services are working together to create a technical design package for a brine extraction and storage test. The test will focus on validating approaches for active reservoir management and extracted water treatment. Concurrent with site selection activities, viable pilot-ready water treatment technologies will be screened for their potential to be deployed at the Phase II site. Surface facilities will be designed for the selected site and will be flexible and modular, able to accommodate most pilot-ready water treatment technologies. The test will be conducted within the Williston Basin.
Cost: DOE: $1,495,812 / Non DOE: $694,605 / Total Funding: $2,190,417 (32 percent cost share)
The total DOE share of all five selections is $7.23M matched by recipient cost share of $2.15M (22.9 percent overall).