While natural gas is an abundant domestic resource with relatively low carbon emissions, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and its National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) are focused on mitigation-focused research that will develop a suite of natural gas emissions reduction technologies capable of improving the resiliency, lifespan, and efficiency of natural gas infrastructure components. A critical element of transmission and delivery efficiency is the detection and mitigation of unexpected leaks as well as the technological advancement of key gathering and boosting system components known to be sources of methane emissions, such as reciprocating compressors and pneumatic controllers. In addition to improving the transmission efficiency and emissions of these components, DOE and NETL are also focused on developing advanced mitigation solutions for pipeline leakage, including advanced pipeline sleeves and liners, inline inspection tools, and novel coatings to improve the resiliency of both new and legacy systems.
Projects in NETL’s Methane Emissions Mitigation research portfolio aim to develop, modify, and evaluate cost efficient and effective tools, technologies, and materials to mitigate methane emissions from natural gas transmission and storage infrastructure. Specific goals include: