CCS and Power Systems
Carbon Storage - Geologic Storage Technologies and Simulation and Risk Assessment
Consolidated Sequestration Research Projects
Performer: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Project No: FWP-FEW0174
Program Background and Project Benefits
The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is helping to develop carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies to capture, separate, and store carbon dioxide (CO2) in order to reduce green-house gas emissions without adversely influencing energy use or hindering economic growth. Carbon sequestration technologies capture and store CO2 by injecting and permanently storing it in underground geologic formations.
NETL is working to advance geologic carbon sequestration technology by funding research projects that aim to accelerate deployment and remove barriers to commercial-scale carbon sequestration. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), one of DOE’s national laboratories for science and engineering research, is working in conjunction with several other national laboratories, industry partners, and universities on a series of individual tasks aimed at advancing the state-of-thescience of geologic sequestration by conducting research studies on key topics critical to the success of geologic sequestration. Research areas include sequestration monitoring for risk assessment, brine production and beneficial use, pathways through natural systems, groundwater impacts, collaboration with international CCS efforts, and systems modeling for risk assessment.
LLNL and its partners will perform collaborative and coordinated research to enhance the nation’s capabilities for science-based risk assessment for geologic carbon sequestration. This project combines fundamental geological sequestration research and commercial-scale international programs with risk and hazard management projects to address key issues affecting commercial-scale carbon storage.
The expected project impacts and benefits are to provide fundamental research and application technologies leading to commercial-scale deployment and to make contributions to and gain insight from international CCS efforts. This research addresses specific technical issues raised during ongoing field projects; leverages and coordinates experiences, resources, and capabilities of the national laboratories as applied to CCS; and reduce the overall risk of large demonstration projects. Most importantly, the work provides a scientific basis for both understanding important scientific concepts critical to the success of CCS and risk assessments for demonstration projects leading toward commercial-scale deployment.