Zero Discharge Water Management for Horizontal Shale Gas Well Development TECHNOLOGY STATUS ASSESSMENT Submitted by: West Virginia Water Research Institute West Virginia University PO Box 6064 Morgantown, WV 26506 Prepared for: United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Acknowledgment: "This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number DE-FE0001466." Disclaimer: "This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof."