DOE’s Carbon Utilization Program aspires to develop technologies to transform CO2 and other carbon byproducts and wastes into valuable products in an efficient, economical, and environmentally-friendly manner. Research and development activities address the challenges and potential opportunities associated with integrating a CO2 utilization system with a power plant and/or carbon capture system, such as waste heat integration, waste water reduction, flue gas contaminant reduction, and reduced energy demand. An ongoing program objective is to make technologies applicable for near-term implementation. Developing advanced catalysts, reactor systems, and processes for more efficient conversion of CO2 to valuable chemicals provides a viable alternative to conventional manufacturing processes.
The emerging field of CO2 utilization encompasses many possible products and applications: fuels, organic and inorganic chemicals, food and feeds, construction materials, enhanced resource recovery (e.g., oil, gas, water, and geothermal energy), energy storage, waste water treatment, and others.
The Carbon Utilization Program covers research within three of the five primary carbon utilization pathways:
*The program is currently not active in the Biotic Synthesis of Fuels & Organic Chemicals and CO2 as Working Fluid & Other Services pathways.
The diverse portfolio of NETL’s Carbon Utilization projects can be viewed in the interactive map below. Projects can be sorted by Technology Area. Clicking on a location allows you to learn more about each individual project and adjusting the Icon Spread Factor allows you to simultaneously view projects with the same locations.