As part of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy’s Hydrogen with Carbon Management program, NETL’s research focuses on technologies that improve fossil fuel-based power generation through efficient, low-cost, dynamic innovations and evaluation of carbon-based clean hydrogen production as a decarbonized alternative to traditional fossil fuels. The Lab’s work includes research in, Advanced Turbines, Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Gasification Systems, Transformative Power Generation, and 21st Century Power Plants.
The NETL Advanced Turbines Program manages a research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) portfolio designed to remove environmental concerns over the future use of fossil fuels by developing revolutionary, near-zero-emission advanced turbines technologies. In response to the Nation’s increasing power supply challenges, NETL is researching next-generation turbine technology with the goal of producing reliable, affordable, diverse, and environmentally friendly energy supplies.
The NETL Fuel Cell program maintains a portfolio of RD&D projects that address the technical issues facing the commercialization of solid-oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology and a series of increasingly larger demonstration projects intended to validate the solutions to those issues.
The DOE Gasification Systems program is developing innovative modular designs for converting diverse types of carbon feedstock into clean synthesis gas to enable the low-cost production of electricity, transportation fuels, chemicals, hydrogen, and other useful products to suit market needs. Advancements in this area will help enable advanced power generation and other syngas-based technologies to be competitive in both domestic and international markets, and spur on the use of abundant domestic carbon feedstock resources, in turn contributing towards increased energy security and reviving depressed markets in traditional coal-producing regions of the United States.
The Transformative Power Generation program aims to advance science, engineering, and technology by inventing, integrating, maturing, and commercializing coal combustion power technologies and systems to enhance the nation’s energy production and protect the environment for future generations. The program develops technologies to improve performance and extend the life of existing power plants.
21st Century Power Plants is a research and development (R&D) program aimed at advancing step-change power generation technologies that are capable of flexible operations to meet the needs of the grid; use innovative and cutting-edge components that improve efficiency and reduce emissions; provide resilient power to Americans; are small compared to today’s conventional utility-scale coal; and will transform how power generation technologies are designed and manufactured. R&D will create power plants of the 21st century with zero or near-zero CO2 emissions that can burn coal, biomass, and waste plastics needed to provide secure, stable, and carbon free, or even negative, reliable power and hydrogen to the American people.