Oil & Natural Gas Projects
Exploration and Production Technologies
Mentor-Based Effort to Advance in Implementation of Preferred Upstream Management
The project was selected under the Preferred Upstream Management Practices (PUMP)
solicitation DE-PS26-01BC15304, issued in the fall of 2000. PUMP is aimed at
pairing "best practices" and solutions coming from new technologies
with an active campaign of disseminating information to domestic producers.
PUMP goals are to slow the decline of domestic oil fields and to maintain the
infrastructure to continue to produce oil as a vital part of National security.
The project's goal was to enable producers in California, Oklahoma, and Arkansas
to increase oil production by identifying primary constraints, then transferring
relevant technology information in a manner that would stimulate application
both in those states and Nationwide.
Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC)
PTTC South Midcontinent Region
(Oklahoma Geological Survey)
PTTC West Coast Region
(University of Southern California)
Los Angeles, CA
California Energy Commission
Global Energy Partners
Produced water and associated issues were identified as a major constraint limiting
oil production in both the U.S. Midcontinent and California. Focusing its efforts
on this common constraint, PTTC developed a concise manual, Produced Water and
Associated Issues, that supported numerous workshops and presentations. Data
showing increased application of polymer gel water shut-off treatments were
gathered. In California, project work attracted significant additional funding,
portions of which are supporting limited-scale field demonstrations of water
One-on-one interaction, bringing people with common challenges together to focus
on those challenges, and sustained technology transfer over time are stimulating
producers to apply technologies that are increasing production and reserves
and lowering operating costs. With a focus on reducing excessive water production,
there are direct environmental benefits.
Many marginal domestic fields risk being prematurely shut down or abandoned
because of operational, economic, regulatory, or other factors. Once closed,
a field is rarely reopened, because of the considerable costs of restoring the
operating infrastructure. Technologies that lower operational costs or increase
production in marginal fields are critical to maintaining operations of endangered
wells and leases.
PTTC organized a team of mentors working within its South Midcontinent (Oklahoma/Arkansas)
and West Coast (California) regions. These areas have significant oil resources
where production is constrained. Well-known mentors, respected in their regions,
networked with industry companies, associations, and regulatory groups to identify
and prioritize constraints. Excessive produced water and the issues associated
with it were common in both areas. Staff evaluated technical solutions appropriate
for each area.
The resulting information was packaged for aggressive technology transfer through
personal contact, one-on-one or small group meetings, workshops, and case studies
in trade journals, newsletters, and especially through the Internet. Specific
results within the project include:
- In the South Midcontinent Region, PTTC developed a concise manual focusing
on controlling water production, power costs, and wellbore failure reduction.
This manual compiles insights from extensive prior PTTC workshops, the technical
literature, personal experience, and contact networks. Important as a stand-alone
product that PTTC makes available at www.pttc.org.,
the manual undergirded numerous workshops, presentations, and other activities
that drew more than 800 attendees within the targeted areas (Oklahoma, Arkansas,
and California) and Nationwide.
- In California project work pooled and analyzed data from Los Angeles Basin
operators to identify proven water control diagnostics and solutions. The effort
confirmed positive results for practical, proven technologies, with payout averaging
7.1 months. Remedial action templates were constructed to help producers diagnose
causes of excessive water production, then choose appropriate technologies.
Results from California water control work were published in the Petroleum Technology
Digest of World Oil, a trade journal with circulation of about 36,000 worldwide.
- Water control work in California led to other groups contributing additional
funding ($300,000 from the California Energy Commission and $24,000 from Global
Energy Partners) to further leverage PUMP project funding. This additional funding
is enabling limited-scale field demonstrations of water control technologies.
- PUMP project work led to PTTC, with other funds, supporting polymer gel case
study work performed by the University of Kansas Tertiary Oil Recovery Project.
This effort included building an online database, www.kgs.ku.edu?Magellan/Polymer,
with individual well treatment results.
Current Status (August 2005)
The limited-scale field demonstration projects of water control technologies
in California are still in progress. West Coast PTTC staff continues to meet
with California operators on a one-on-one basis to assist them in understanding
how to identify underlying causes of excessive water production and the appropriate
Number of polymer gel water shut-off treatments jumped following technology
Although average payout for water control was 7.1 months, a majority of the
jobs paid out in less time.
Mentor-Based Effort to Advance Implementation of Preferred Management Practices
(PMPs) for Oil Producers in South Midcontinent (Oklahoma/Arkansas) and West
Coast (California) Regions, Final Report, December 2004.
Bates, R., Brown, S., McGurk, S., Ershaghi, I., Swanson, G., Water control
becomes economically attractive to L.A. basin operators, World Oil, July 2004.
Project Start: September 19, 2001
Project End: September 18, 2004
DOE Contribution: $500,000 (49.8% of total)
Performer Contribution: $504,000 (50.2% of total)
NETL - Bernadette Ward (firstname.lastname@example.org or
PTTC - Donald Duttlinger (email@example.com or 281-921-1720)