NETL-ORD1

 

NETL-ORD - Methane Hydrate Research - Geoscience Evaluations and Field Studies

Last Reviewed 3/18/2013

 

Project Goals

The primary goals of the DOE/NETL Natural Gas Hydrate Field Studies (NGHFS) project are:

  • Conduct field-based studies that advance the ability to predict, detect, characterize, and understand distribution of and controls on natural gas hydrate occurrences.
  • Analyze geologic, geochemical, and microbiologic data for indications of past and current changes to the stability of natural gas hydrate in marine settings.
  • Develop links between the U.S. Gas Hydrate Program and international R&D efforts through direct participation in international field programs and workshops.
  • Evaluate the potential role natural gas hydrates may play in the global carbon cycle through analysis of modern and paleo-natural gas occurrences.
  • Provide expertise to domestic and international collaborators, focusing on activities such as pre-expedition/field site selection and evaluation and field/lab based analyses of samples and data collected in the field.
  • Supply geologic expertise to DOE/NETL efforts to advance numerical simulation and field-relevant experimental studies.
  • Work with the DOE’s domestic research partners, particularly those involved in major field operations in the Gulf of Mexico and Alaska, to ensure field test locations and plans are based on a full “gas hydrate systems” analyses.

Project Performers
Kelly K. Rose – NETL Office of Research & Development
Richard Colwell – NETL/Oregon State University
Corinne Disenhof – NETL/URS
Marta Torres – NETL/Oregon State University
Brandon Briggs – NETL/Oregon State University
Craig Joseph – NETL/Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) & Oregon State University
Wei Li Hong – NETL/Oregon State University
Terry Ryan – NETL/URS

Project Locations
National Energy Technology Laboratory, Albany, Oregon
National Energy Technology Laboratory, Morgantown, West Virginia

Project Background
Natural gas hydrates are solid compounds of gas molecules, predominantly methane, and water which generally occur in deep marine and arctic environments throughout the world. While the exact volume of natural gas trapped in hydrate is unknown, and the range of estimates varies widely, studies agree the amount is significant and hydrates are likely one of the largest storehouses of organic carbon worldwide. Thus, the potential of natural gas hydrates as a future energy resource, and persisting questions about the role hydrate plays in natural systems (climate and stability), has led to increased scientific, policy, and social interest in these occurrences worldwide.

There have been recent advances in the techniques and strategies used to prospect for and evaluate in situ gas hydrate in reservoir-quality sediments. However, these techniques and tools have been applied only to a limited number of field sites to date and, while promising, some remain inconclusive. Significant advances in technology are still required in order to better resolve and predict the distribution, occurrence, and saturation of gas hydrate-bearing sediments in heterogeneous media. In addition, longer-term studies via observatories or repeated evaluation of key field sites are required in order to monitor and understand the temporal constraints and changes of gas hydrate systems, particularly those most susceptible to changes in climate or other stability conditions.

The study of natural gas hydrate systems in the field provides invaluable information on these widely variable and complex systems. Results from the field can be utilized for experimental and numerical studies, which offer the potential to evaluate aspects of these systems on a variety of scales and through different methodologies. The research and technology requirements necessary to further advance our understanding of natural gas hydrate systems are significant. NETL Office of Research & Development’s (ORD) Natural Gas Hydrate Team conducts integrated research from the laboratory to the field and from molecular to reservoir-scale modeling, leveraging NETL-ORD’s strengths in geology, geochemistry, microbiology, and numerical simulation to improve understanding of these complex systems. The NETL-ORD’s field studies efforts are often aligned with other ORD R&D activities, key projects supported by the National Methane Hydrate R&D Program both domestically and internationally, and collaboration with external partners.

Project Description
The DOE/NETL NGHFS project studies naturally occurring gas hydrate systems ranging from microscopic to basin-wide scales using a three-pronged research approach (along with general hydrate program support). A greater understanding of the hydrate formation environment is developed through the application of geologic, geochemical, and microbiologic principles.

Geological Studies

Sedimentology and Lithostratigraphy
Detailed descriptions of cores from gas hydrate field expeditions provide a framework for integrating other site-related data sets. Changes in lithology, mineral composition, digenetic precipitates, sedimentary structures, and other attributes were used to better understand geochemical, microbiological, wireline log, and other micro- to meso-scale data sets. These data sets also provided insights into the lithologies represented by the wireline log and seismic responses, allowing for broader interpretation and evaluation of the lithostratigraphy and geology without having to undertake additional expensive core/drill operations.

Gas Hydrate Geological Systems Analysis
NETL, in conjunction with collaborators that included the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), developed and applied a full geologic systems approach to the evaluation of gas hydrates in the field. This approach focused on a process that integrates geophysical detection with geological analysis of reservoir distribution (including sand, fractured shales, and combination reservoirs) and supporting petroleum systems elements including traps, seals, and migration histories.

While the petroleum systems approach is largely associated with energy exploration, this approach is equally applicable to the characterization of gas hydrate occurrences related to in-place estimates, global climate studies, and seafloor stability issues. This integrated approach is being used by the NGHFS team to contribute to the geologic assessments and characterizations of key field study sites, including potential future sites of drilling/coring programs in the Gulf of Mexico, and future production test sites located on the Alaska North Slope.

Geochemical Studies

NETL researchers, working in collaboration with researchers at Oregon State University, conducted geochemical projects which included:

  • Investigation of the relationships among methane, gas hydrate, and methane flux dynamics in the Cascadia margin with emphasis on seafloor slope stability and how potential modulation of the events changes as a result of ocean circulation associated with glacial/interglacial cycles.
  • Analyses of authigenic carbonates from key field study sites off the Cascadia Margin and Alaska North Slope for improved understanding of the processes that lead to the formation of digenetic precipitates, and the information they may provide about the evolution of and changes in active and paleo-methane flux through natural gas hydrate systems.
  • Participation in South Korea’s 2010 Ulleung Basin Gas Hydrate (UBGH-02) Drilling Expedition in the East Sea and the processing and analysis of pore water geochemistry samples from this expedition.

Microbiological Studies

Examination of field study sites with a focus on improving understanding of the types of microorganisms that occur in different environments and how and when they produce and consume methane. This leads to improved numerical models and better understanding of methane sources and sinks in the natural environment.

Working in collaboration with researchers at Oregon State University, microbiology project personnel sought to identify the relationship between sediment features (e.g., grain size, hydrates presence) and the distribution, numbers, and activities of microbes within and proximal to hydrates in marine sediments.

General Geologic Support to U.S. Interagency Program
Members of the NGHFS team have served in an advisory role on the gas hydrates Interagency Technical Coordination Team that produced the Interagency Roadmap for Gas Hydrates R&D (2006 and 2009) and the Interagency Five-Year Plan for Methane Hydrate Research and Development (2007). Team members also participated in the creation and initial direction of the International Gas Hydrates Code Comparison effort.

Project Facilities
The primary NGHFS project laboratory, located in Albany, Oregon, included capabilities to analyze and conduct sedimentological studies on natural gas hydrate-bearing sediments using petrographic microscopy, particle size analysis, and X-ray diffraction (XRD)/X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analyses. In addition, the laboratory had advanced computational capabilities and software for spatial analysis, interpretation, and evaluation of gas hydrate-bearing systems using geophysical and geological data, including a variety of 3-D seismic surveys, seafloor bathymetric data, and geophysical well log data.

As a part of the affiliation between DOE/NETL and Oregon State University, the DOE/NETL Gas Hydrates Core Repository had been established within OSU’s Marine Geology Core Repository. The facility ensures the integrity of and public access to core collected during field expeditions. This allows for long-term preservation and analysis of these unique cores. The lab is equipped with state-of-the-art equipment, including Leica petrographic and binocular microscopes, a Mastersizer 2000 particle size analyzer, an InXitu XRD/XRF system, a Geotek core splitting system, and a Geotek multi-sensor core logger with XRF.

The lab has access to interpretive software packages, including Jade (XRD/XRF), Kingdom Suite (GIS geo-interpretation), Geographix (GIS geo-interpretation), and WellCad (lithostratigraphic interpretation/visualization).

Impacts
The study of natural gas hydrate systems in the field provides invaluable information on these widely variable and complex systems. Results from the field can be utilized for experimental and numerical studies, which offer the potential to evaluate aspects of these systems on a variety of scales and through different methodologies. The research and technology requirements necessary to further advance our understanding of natural gas hydrate systems are significant. NETL Office of Research & Development’s (ORD) Natural Gas Hydrate Team conducts integrated research from the laboratory to the field and from molecular to reservoir-scale modeling, leveraging NETL-ORD’s strengths in geology, geochemistry, microbiology, and numerical simulation to improve understanding of these complex systems. The NETL-ORD’s field studies efforts are often aligned with other ORD R&D activities, key projects supported by the National Methane Hydrate R&D Program both domestically and internationally, and collaboration with external partners.

Major Accomplishments

  • Significant participation as shipboard researchers on hydrate-relevant research expeditions around the world
    • 2008 – 2010: Korea UBGH-02, MITA- 01 – Beaufort Sea expedition, MBARI Pacific Northwest Expedition, International PGC2008-007 Cascadia Methane Hydrates Expedition.
    • Pre-2008: Korea UBGH-01, India NGHP-01, China GMGS-01, DOE Mt. Elbert Stratigraphic Test Well, Naval Research Laboratory Gas Hydrate Expedition – GoM
  • Participation in site evaluation/selection and scientific planning for potential hydrate field research around the world: DOE – GoM JIP, DOE – AK North Slope production testing, India NGHP-02, MITAS-01
  • Performance and reporting of inorganic chemistry and microbiology research and analyses on core/data from Korea UBGH-02
  • Performance and reporting of lithostratigraphy and sedimentology research/analyses on cores and data from around the world: India NGHP-01, Korea UBGH-01, China GMGS-01, International PGC2008-007 – Cascadia, MITAS-01, DOE GoM JIP – Leg I, DOE- Mt. Elbert, UAF Thermokarst Lakes Expedition, NRL GoM coring expedition – AC818
  • Analysis of the mineralogic, chemical, and isotopic characteristics of methane-derived carbonate rocks from Cascadia Margin to(1) infer sources of methane-charged fluid, (2) describe the pathway that these fluids take as they migrate from depth to the seafloor, and (3) describe how these systems have changed over time.
  • Complete analysis and synthesis of datasets related to lithostratigraphic, sedimentologic, and physical property analyses from the sediment cores collected during the MITAS-1 expedition (Beaufort Sea 2009), and integration of these findings with the geochemistry, water column, and geophysical datasets available for the region. (results can be found at the link: MITAS-2009 Expedition, U.S. Beaufort Shelf and Slope—Lithostratigraphy Data Report; NETL-TRS-2-2012 )
  • Publication and presentation of research results in various articles, publications, and presentations.

Current Status
Efforts under this project are considered complete. A brief outline of key accomplishments is included above. More detailed definition of project results can be found in the referenced articles, publications, and reports as well as the more complete list contained within the Methane Hydrate Program Bibliography.

Project Schedule
Project period covered was from ~2008 to 2012.

Project Funding
Project funding totaled $1,370,000 over the performance period.

Additional Information:In addition to the information provided here, a full listing of project related publications and presentations as well as a listing of funded students can be found in the Methane Hydrate Program Bibliography [PDF].

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Anderson, B., Hancock, S., Wilson, S., Enger, C., Collett, T., Boswell, R., Hunter, R., 2010. “Formation pressure testing at the Mount Elbert Gas Hydrate Stratigraphic Test Well, Alaska North Slope: Operational summary, history matching, and interpretations,” Marine and Petroleum Geology, Vol. 28, Iss. 2, Thematic Set on Scientific results of the Mount Elbert Gas Hydrate Stratigraphic Test Well, Alaska North Slope, Pages 478-492, ISSN 0264-8172, doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2010.02.012.

Boswell, R., Shelander, D., Lee, M., Latham, T., Collett, T., Geurin, G., Moridis, G., Reagan, M., and D. Goldberg, 2009. “Occurrence of gas hydrate in Oligocence Frio sand: Alaminos Canyon Block 818: northern Gulf of Mexico,” Marine and Petroleum Geology, Vol. 26, pp. 1499-1512, doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2009.03.005.

Boswell, R., Rose, K., Collett, T.S., Lee, M.W., Winters, W.F., Lewis, K., and Agena, W.F., 2010. “Geologic controls on gas hydrate occurrence in the Mount Elbert prospect, Alaska North Slope, Marine and Petroleum Geology,” Vol. 28, Iss. 2, Thematic Set on Scientific results of the Mount Elbert Gas Hydrate Stratigraphic Test Well, Alaska North Slope, Pages 589-607, ISSN 0264-8172, doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2009.12.004.

Collett, T.S., Johnson, A., Knapp, C., Boswell, R., 2009. “Natural gas hydrates – a review,” in T. Collett, A. Johnson, C. Knapp, and R. Boswell, eds., Natural gas hydrates—Energy resource potential and associated geologic hazards: AAPG Memoir 89.

Collett, T.S., Lewis, R.E., Winters, W.F., Lee, M.W., Rose, R., and Boswell, R., 2009. “Downhole well log and core montages from the Mount Elbert Gas Hydrate Stratigraphic Test Well, Alaska North Slope,” Marine and Petroleum Geology, Vol. 28, Iss. 2, Thematic Set on Scientific results of the Mount Elbert Gas Hydrate Stratigraphic Test Well, Alaska North Slope, Pages 561-577, ISSN 0264-8172, doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2010.03.016.

Colwell, F.S. and W. Ussler, III. 2010. “Global scale consequences of biological methane production,” pgs 3056-3065. In K. Timmis, T. McGenity, J.R. van der Meer, V. de Lorenzo, ed. Handbook of Hydrocarbons and Lipid Microbiology. Springer-Verlag. New York, New York.

Colwell, F., Briggs, B., Schwartz, 2010. “Microbial community distribution in sediments from the Mount Elbert Gas Hydrate Stratigraphic Test Well, Alaska North Slope,” Marine and Petroleum Geology, Volume 28, Issue 2, Thematic Set on Scientific results of the Mount Elbert Gas Hydrate Stratigraphic Test Well, Alaska North Slope, Pages 404-410, ISSN 0264-8172, doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2009.12.012.

Hunter, R.B., Collett, T.S., Boswell, R., Anderson, B.J., Digert, S.A., Pospisil, G., Baker, R., Weeks, M., 2010. “Mount Elbert Gas Hydrate Stratigraphic Test Well, Alaska North Slope: Overview of scientific and technical program,” Marine and Petroleum Geology, Vol. 28, Iss. 2, Thematic Set on Scientific results of the Mount Elbert Gas Hydrate Stratigraphic Test Well, Alaska North Slope, Pages 295-310, ISSN 0264-8172, doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2010.02.015.

Kneafsey, T.J., H. Liu, W. Winters, R. Boswell, R. Hunter, and T.S. Collett, 2009. “Analysis of core samples from the BPXA-DOE-USGS Mount Elbert gas hydrate stratigraphic test well: Insights into core disturbance and handling,” Marine and Petroleum Geology, Vol. 28, Iss. 2, Thematic Set on Scientific results of the Mount Elbert Gas Hydrate Stratigraphic Test Well, Alaska North Slope, Pages 381-393, doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2009.10.009.

Long, P.E., K.K. Rose, H. T. Schaef, M.E. Torres, E.S. Solomon, M. Kastner, J.E. Johnson, L. Giosan, W.J. Winters, S. Dewri and P. Kumar, 2009. “Gas hydrate occurrence in marine sediments and volcanic ash of the Andaman Arc: Results from NGHP Expedition 01, Site 17,” Prepr. Pap. Am. Chem. Soc., Div. Fuel Chem. 2009, 54 (1), p. 135-136

Moridis, G.J., T.S. Collett, R. Boswell, M. Kurihara, M.T. Reagan, C. Koh and E.D. Sloan, 2009. “Toward Production From Gas Hydrates: Current Status, Assessment of Resources, and Simulation-Based Evaluation of Technology and Potential,” SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering, 12(5): 745-771, doi: 10.2118/114163-PA

Rose, K., Boswell, R., and Collett, T.S., 2010. “Mount Elbert Gas Hydrate Stratigraphic Test Well, Alaska North Slope: Coring operations, core sedimentology, and lithostratigraphy,” Marine and Petroleum Geology, Vol. 28, Iss. 2, Thematic Set on Scientific results of the Mount Elbert Gas Hydrate Stratigraphic Test Well, Alaska North Slope, Pages 311-331, ISSN 0264-8172, doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2010.02.001.

Torres, M.E., Collett, T.S., Rose, K., Sample, J.C., Agena, W., Rosenbaum, E., 2010. “Pore fluid geochemistry from the Mount Elbert Gas Hydrate Stratigraphic Test Well, Alaska North Slope,” Marine and Petroleum Geology, Vol. 28, Iss. 2, Thematic Set on Scientific results of the Mount Elbert Gas Hydrate Stratigraphic Test Well, Alaska North Slope, Pages 332-342, ISSN 0264-8172, doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2009.10.001.

Torres, M. E., Embley, R. W., Merle, S. G., Trehu, A. M., Collier, R. W. Suess, E. and Heeschen, K. 2009. “Methane sources feeding cold seeps on the shelf and upper continental slope off central Oregon, USA.” Geochemistry. Geophysics, Geosystems, v. 10 doi:10.1029/2009GC002518.

Wilson, S.J., Hunter, R.B., Collett, T.S., Hancock, S., Boswell, R., Anderson, B.J., 2010. “Alaska North Slope regional gas hydrate production modeling forecasts,” Marine and Petroleum Geology, Vol. 28, Iss. 2, Thematic Set on Scientific results of the Mount Elbert Gas Hydrate Stratigraphic Test Well, Alaska North Slope, Pages 460-477, ISSN 0264-8172, doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2010.03.007.

Winters, W.J., Walker, M., Kwon, O., Waite, B., Torres, M., Collett, T.S., and Rose, K., 2010. “Physical properties of sediment from the Mount Elbert Gas Hydrate Stratigraphic Test Well, Alaska North Slope,” Marine and Petroleum Geology, Vol. 28, Iss. 2, Thematic Set on Scientific results of the Mount Elbert Gas Hydrate Stratigraphic Test Well, Alaska North Slope, Pages 361-380, ISSN 0264-8172, doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2010.01.008.

Other Publications

Boswell, R., T. Collett, B. Anderson, and C. Ruppel, 2010. “Relative gas volumes for free gas and gas hydrate accumulations.” U.S. DOE-NETL Fire in the Ice Newsletter, Summer 2010. pp. 9-11.

Boswell, R., Collett, T.S., Frye, M., Shedd, W., Mrozewski, S., Guerin, G.., and Cook, A., 2009. “The 2009 Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project - Leg II: Technical Summary.” Proceedings of the 2009 Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project - Leg II.

Coffin, R., Rose, K., Greinert, J., Wood, W., and the Shipboard Scientific Party, 2010. “First Trans-Shelf-Slope Climate Study in U.S. Beaufort Sea Completed,” U.S. DOE-NETL Fire in the Ice Newsletter, March, pgs. 1-5.

Collett, T.S., Boswell, R., Mrozewski, S., Guerin, G., Cook, A., Frye, M., Shedd, W., and McConnell, D., 2009. “Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II — Operational Summary,” Proceedings of the Drilling and Scientific Results of the 2009 Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II.

Cook, A., Guerin, G., Mrozewski, S., Collett, T.S., Boswell, R., 2009. “Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II — Walker Ridge 313 LWD Operations and Results,” Proceedings of the Drilling and Scientific Results of the 2009 Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II.

Farrell, H., Boswell, R., Howard, J., Baker, R.. 2010. “CO2-CH4 Exchange in Natural Gas Hydrate Reservoirs: Potential and Challenges,” U.S. DOE-NETL Fire in the Ice Newsletter, March 2010.

Frye, M., Shedd, W., Godfriaux, P., Collett, T.S., Lee, M., Boswell, R., Dufrene, R., 2009. “Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II — Alaminos Canyon 21 Site Summary,” Proceedings of the Drilling and Scientific Results of the 2009 Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II.

Guerin, G., Cook, A., Mrozewski, S., Collett, T.S., Boswell, R., 2009. “Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II — Green Canyon 955 LWD Operations and Results,” Proceedings of the Drilling and Scientific Results of the 2009 Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II.

Guerin, G., Cook, A., Mrozewski, S., Collett, T.S., Boswell, R., 2009. “Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II — Alaminos Canyon 21 LWD Operations and Results,” Proceedings of the Drilling and Scientific Results of the 2009 Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II.

Hutchinson, D., Boswell, R., Collett, T.S., Dai, J., Dugan, B., Frye, M., Jones, E., McConnell, D., Rose, K., Ruppel, C., Shedd, W., Shelander, D., Wood, W., 2009. “Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II — Walker Ridge 313 Site Selection,” Proceedings of the Drilling and Scientific Results of the 2009 Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II.

Hutchinson, D., Boswell, R., Collett, T.S., Dai, J., Dugan, B., Frye, M., Jones, E., McConnell, D., Rose, K., Ruppel, C., Shedd, W., Shelander, D., Wood, W., 2009. “Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II — Green Canyon 955 Site Selection,” Proceedings of the Drilling and Scientific Results of the 2009 Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II.

Hutchinson, D., Boswell, R., Collett, T.S., Dai, J., Dugan, B., Frye, M., Jones, E., McConnell, D., Rose, K., Ruppel, C., Shedd, W., Shelander, D., Wood, W., 2009. “Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II — Green Canyon 781 Site Selection,” Proceedings of the Drilling and Scientific Results of the 2009 Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II.

Interagency Technical Coordination Team, 2007. “Interagency coordination in methane hydrates R&D,” DOE Office of Fossil Energy, 38 pp.

Interagency Technical Coordination Team, 2007. “An interagency five-year plan for methane hydrates research and development,” DOE Office of Fossil Energy, 31 pp.

Interagency Technical Coordination Team, 2006. “An interagency roadmap for methane hydrates research and development,” DOE Office of Fossil Energy.

Johnson, J.E., Solway, D.R., Disenhof, C., Torres, M.E., Hong, W., Rose, K., 2011. "Identifying Slope Failure Deposits from a Potentially Mixed Magnetic Susceptibility Signal in Gas Hydrate Bearing Regions," US DOE-NETL Fire in the Ice Newsletter, January, 2011, p. 20-24.

McConnell, D., Boswell, R., Collett, T.S., Frye, M., Shedd, W., Guerin, G., Cook, A., Mrozewski, S., Dufrene, R., and Godfriaux, P., 2009. “Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II — Walker Ridge 313 Site Summary,” Proceedings of the Drilling and Scientific Results of the 2009 Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II.

McConnell, D., Boswell, R., Collett, T.S., Frye, M., Shedd, W., Guerin, G., Cook, A., Mrozewski, S., Dufrene, R., and Godfriaux, P., 2009. “Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II — Green Canyon 955 Site Summary,” Proceedings of the Drilling and Scientific Results of the 2009 Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II.

Mrozewski, S., Cook, A., Guerin, G., Goldberg, D., Collett, T.S., Boswell, R., Jones, E., Roy, R., 2010. “Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrates Joint Industry Project: LWD Logging Program Design, Data Acquisition and Evaluation,” OTC 21023, Proceedings of the 2010 Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, Texas, May 3-6, 2010.

Mrozewski, S., Guerin, G., Cook, A., Collett, T.S., Boswell, R., 2009. “Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II — LWD Methods,” Proceedings of the Drilling and Scientific Results of the 2009 Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II.

Mount Elbert Science Party, 2007. “Alaska North Slope well successfully drills, cores, and tests gas hydrate reservoirs,” U.S. DOE-NETL Fire in the Ice Newsletter, Winter 2007, p. 1-4.

Park, K. P., Bahk, J.J., Kwon, Y., Kim, G.Y., Riedel, M., Holland, M., Schultheiss, P., Rose, K., and the UBGH-1 Scientific Party, 2008. “Korean National Program Expedition Confirms Rich Gas Hydrate Deposits in the Ulleung Basin, East Sea,” U.S. DOE-NETL Fire in the Ice Newsletter, Spring, 2008, p. 6-9.

Pohlman, J.W., Riedel, M., Waite, W., Rose, K., Lapham, L., 2008. “Application of Rhizon samplers to obtain high resolution pore fluid records during geochemical investigations of gas hydrate systems,” U.S. DOE-NETL Fire in the Ice Newsletter, Fall 2008, p. 16-17.

Seol, Y., Myshakin, E., Kneafsey, T.J., 2010. “Core-Scale Heterogeneity,” U.S. DOE-NETL Fire in the Ice Newsletter, August 2010, p. 6-8.

Seol, Y. and R. Boswell, 2009. “Methane Hydrate: Fire in the ice,” G.I.T. Laboratory Journal Europe, September/October.

Shedd, W., Hutchinson, D., Boswell, R., Collett, T.S., Dai, J., Dugan, B., Frye, M., Jones, E., McConnell, D., Rose, K., Ruppel, C., Shelander, D., and Wood, W., 2009. “Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II — East Breaks 991 and Alaminos Canyon 21 Site Selection,” Proceedings of the Drilling and Scientific Results of the 2009 Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II.

Shedd, B., P. Godfriaux, M. Frye, R. Boswell, and D. Hutchinson, 2009. “Occurrence and variety in seismic expression of the base of gas hydrate stability in the Gulf of Mexico, “ U.S. DOE-NETL Fire in the Ice Newsletter, Winter 2009.

Zhang, H., Yang, S., Wu, N., Su, X., Holland, M., Schultheiss, P., Rose, K., Butler, H., Humphrey, G., GMGS-1 Science Team, 2007. “Successful and surprising results for China’s first gas hydrate drilling expedition,” U.S. DOE-NETL Fire in the Ice Newsletter, Fall 2007, p. 6-9.

Presentations

Anderson, B., Wilder, J., Kurihara, M., White, M., Moridis, G., Wilson, S., Pooladi-Darvish, M., Masuda, Y., Collett, T., Hunter, R., Narita, H., Rose, K., Boswell, R., 2008. “Analysis of Modular Dynamic Formation Test Results from the "Mount Elbert" stratigraphic test well, Milne Point, Alaska,” Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Gas Hydrates, 2008.

Boswell, R., Rose, K., Collett, T.S., Lee, M., Lewis, K., Winters, W., Agena, W., 2010. "Geologic Controls on Gas Hydrate Occurrence: Mt. Elbert Prospect, Milne Point Unit, Alaska North Slope," National Gas Hydrates Research and Development Program Review, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, January, 2010.

Boswell, R., Rose, K., Collett, T., Lee, M., Lewis, K., Winters, W., Agena, W., 2010. “Geologic Controls on Gas Hydrate Occurrence: Mount Elbert Prospect, Milne Point Unit, Alaska North Slope,” 7th International Workshop on Methane Hydrate Research & Development, Te Papa, Wellington, New Zealand.

Boswell, R., 2010. "Resource-grade gas hydrates in marine and permafrost settings," Gordon Research Conference on Natural Gas Hydrate Systems, Colby College, Waterville, ME, June 6-11, 2010.

Boswell, R., Collett, T.S., McConnell, D., Frye, M., Shedd, B., Godfriaux, P., Dufrene, R., Mrozewski, S., Guerin, G., Cook, A., Shelander, D., Jianchun, D., and Jones, E., 2009. “Initial results of Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II logging-while-drilling operations,” Proceedings of the 29th Annual Gulf Coast Section Foundation, Bob F. Perkins Research Conference, December 6-8, 2009, Houston, Texas, 21 p. (on CD-ROM).

Boswell, R., Collett, T.S., McConnell, D., Frye, M., Shedd, B., Godfriaux, P., Dufrene, R., Mrozewski, S., Guerin, G., Cook, A., Shelander, D., Jianchun, D., and Jones, E., 2009. “Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II: Overview of Leg II LWD Results,” OTC 20560. Proceedings 2010 Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, Texas May 3-6, 2010, 12 p.

Boswell, R., Rose, K., Baker, R.C., 2008. "The Research Path to Determining the Resource Potential of Marine Gas Hydrates," OTC 19414-MS. Proceedings of the 2008 Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, TX.

Briggs, B., R., Hieter, J., Pohlman, J., Torres, M.E., Riedel, M., Rose, K., Joseph, C., Colwell, F.S., 2009. "Subseafloor Macroscopic Biofilms Involved in Anaerobic Oxidization of Methane," Eos Trans. AGU 90(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract OS23B-08.

Briggs, B.R., J. Hieter, J. Pohlman, M. Torres, K. Rose, C. Joseph, M. Riedel, and F. Colwell. “Subseafloor macroscopic biofilms involved in anaerobic oxidization of methane,” Ocean Sciences Meeting, Portland, OR, February 2010 (poster).

Cawthern, T., J. Johnson, K. Rose, L. Giosan, 2008. “Regional Stratigraphic Trends in Gas Hydrate Bearing Cores From the Krishna-Godavari Basin, Eastern Continental Margin of India,” Indian National Gas Hydrate Program Gas Hydrate Conference, New Delhi, India, February 2008.

Coffin, R., Hamdan, L,. Smith, J., Plummer, R., Grienert, J., Rose, K., De Batist, M., and Wood, W., (2009), Preliminary Results from the Methane In The Arctic Shelf (MITAS) Project on the Alaskan Beaufort Sea Shelf - Shallow Sediment Porewater Geochemical Profiles, Eos Trans. AGU, 90(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., OS23B-01

Collett, T., Riedel, M., Cochran, J., Boswell, R., Kumar, P., and A. Sathe, 2008. “Indian continental margin gas hydrate prospects: results of the Indian National Gas Hydrate Program (NGHP) Expedition 01,” Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Gas Hydrates, 2008.

Collett, T.S., Boswell, R., Frye, M., Shedd, W., Godfriaux, P., Dufrene, R., McConnell, D., Mrozewski, S., Guerin, G., and Cook, A., 2009. “Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II: Logging-While-Drilling Operations and Challenges,” OTC 20452. Proceedings 2010 Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, Texas May 3-6, 2010, 12 p.

Collett, T. S., and Boswell, R. M., 2009. Gas Hydrate Research Site Selection and Operational Research Plans. Eos Trans. AGU, 90(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract OS24A-01.

Colwell, F., 2010. “Methane hydrates and the role of the deep and not-so-deep subsurface biosphere,” Gordon Research Conference on Natural Gas Hydrate Systems, Colby College, Waterville, ME, June 6-11, 2010.

Colwell, F., Schwartz, A., Briggs, B., Torres, M.E., Lorenson, T., Winters, W., Collett, T., Hunter, R., Boswell, R., 2009. “Microbial communities in sediments from the BPXA-DOE Mt. Elbert Gas Hydrate Research Well,” Proceedings of the 2009 American Association of Petroleum Geologists Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, June 2009.

Connolly, E., Johnson, J., Torres, M., Teichert, B., Giosan, L., and Rose, K., 2009. “New Insights from Sediment Ages and Carbon Isotopes at a Paleo-Seep/Chemosynthetic Biological Community in the Krishna-Godavari Basin, Offshore India,” Eos Trans. AGU, 90(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., OS31A-1188

Frye, M., Shedd, W., Godfriaux, P., Dufrene, R., McConnell, D., Boswell, R., Collett, T.S., Mrozewski, S., Guerin, G., Cook, A., Shelander, D., Dai, J. , 2010. “Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II: Initial Results From the Alaminos Canyon 21 Site, OTC 20552,” Houston, Texas, Proceedings of the 2010 Offshore Technology Conference, May 3-6, 2010.

Giosan, L., J.E. Johnson, Maya Gomes, Kelly Rose, Janine Fraschetti, and the NGHP-01 Shipboard Scientific Party. “Depositional and Diagenetic History at Sites 1A (Arabian Sea) and 17A (Andaman Sea), Indian National Gas Hydrate Program Gas Hydrate Conference, New Delhi, India, February 2008.

Haacke, R., M. Riedel, J. Pohlman, K. Rose, L. Lapham, T.S. Hamilton, R. Enkin, G.D. Spence, and R.D. Hyndman, 2008. “A recent investigation of gas hydrate as a factor in northern Cascadia accretionary margin frontal ridge slope failures and cold seep biogeochemistry,” Eos Trans. AGU, 89(53), Fall Meet. Suppl. Abstract OS32A-07.

Haacke, R., Riedel, M., Pohlman, J., Rose, K., Lapham, L., Hamilton, T., Enkin, R., Spence, G., and Hyndman, R., 2008. “A recent investigation of gas hydrate as a factor in northern Cascadia accretionary margin frontal ridge slope failures and cold seep biogeochemistry,” Eos Trans. AGU, 89(53), Fall Meet. Suppl., OS32A-07

Hong, W., Torres, M., Johnson, J., Pinero, E., and Rose, K., 2010. “Quantifying Long-Term Methane Flux Change by Coupling Authigenic Mineral Distribution and Kinetic Modeling at Southern Hydrate Ridge, Oregon,” AGU, OS51D-08

Hutchinson, D., Shelander, D., Dai, J., McConnell, D., Shedd, W., Frye, M., Ruppel, C., Boswell, R., Jones, E., Collett, T., Rose, K., Dugan, B., Wood, W., Latham, T. 2008. “Site Selection for DOE/JIP Gas Hydrate Drilling in the Northern Gulf of Mexico,“ Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Gas Hydrates, 2008.

Johnson, J., Torres, M., Hong, W., Disenhof, C., Miranda, E., and Rose, K., 2010. “Slope Failure Records in Gas Hydrate Bearing Regions of the Cascadia Margin,” AGU, OS53A-1370

Johnson, J., Phillips, S., Miranda, E., Giosan, L., and Rose, K., 2009. “Long-term Variability of Carbon and Nitrogen in the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea: Results from NGHP Expedition 1,” Eos Trans. AGU, 90(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., OS44A-01

Johnson, J. E. , L. Giosan, K. Rose, J. Fraschetti and the NGHP-01 Shipboard Scientific Party, 2008. “Depositional and Diagenetic History at NGHP-01 Sites in the Krishna-Godavari, Mahanadi, and Kerala-Konkan Basins, and in the Andaman Accretionary Wedge,” Indian National Gas Hydrate Program Gas Hydrate Conference, New Delhi, India, February 2008.

Johnson, J. E., L. Giosan, K. Rose, J. Fraschetti, 2007. “Stratigraphy, Sedimentology, and Depositional History of Gas Hydrate Bearing Sediments Along the Eastern Continental Margin of India and in the Andaman Accretionary Wedge: Results from NGHP Expedition 01,” Eos Trans. AGU, 88(52), Fall Meet. Suppl. Abstract OS11C-02.

Jones, E., Latham, T., McConnell, D., Frye, M., Hunt, J., Shedd, W., Shelander, D., Boswell, R., Rose, K., Ruppel, C., Hutchinson, D., Collett, T., Dugan, R., Wood, W. 2008. “Scientific Objectives of the Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate JIP Leg II Drilling,” OTC 19501-MS. Proceedings of the 2008 Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, TX.

Joseph, C., Torres, M., Martin, R., Rose, K., Ryan, T., Pohlman, J., and Snyder, G., 2010, New Insights on Methane Cycling from Analyses of Carbonate Samples from the Casdcadia Margin, AGU, B41D-0329 J

oseph, C., Rose, K., Torres, M., Riedel, M., and Pohlman, J., 2009. “Lithostratigraphy and sedimentology of shallow piston cores from PGC2008-007 expedition - Bullseye and Amnesiac Vents,” Cascadia Margin, Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 41, No. 7, p. 142.

Korotky, K. H., J. E. Johnson, W. C. Clyde, L. Giosan, and K. Rose, 2008. “Magnetostratigraphic analysis of the marine sedimentary record at Site 19 in the Mahanadi Basin, offshore eastern India,” Indian National Gas Hydrate Program Gas Hydrate Conference, New Delhi, India, February 2008.

Long, P.E., K.K. Rose, H. T. Schaef, M.E. Torres, E.S. Solomon, M. Kastner, J.E. Johnson, L. Giosan, W.J. Winters, S. Dewri and P. Kumar, 2009. “Gas hydrate occurrence in marine sediments and volcanic ash of the Andaman Arc: Results from NGHP Expedition 01, Site 17,” Prepr. Pap. Am. Chem. Soc., Div. Fuel Chem. 2009, 54 (1), p. 135-136

Lorenson, T.D., Greiner, J., Huetten, E., Hamdan, L. J., Coffin, R., Rose, K., Wood, W.T., Mitas, S., 2010. “Methane Concentrations in Sediment and Bottom Water of the Alaskan Beaufort Sea,”Eos Trans. AGU 91(26), Ocean Sci. Meet. Suppl. Abstract CO45B-05.

McConnell, D., Collett, T.S., Boswell, R., Frye, M., Shedd, W., Dufrene, R., Godfriaux, P., Mrozewski, S., Guerin, G., Cook, A., Jones, E. "Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II: Initial Results From the Green Canyon 955 Site," OTC 20801, Proceedings of the 2010 Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, TX, May 3-6, 2010.

Myshakin, E., Anderson, B., Rose, K., and Boswell, R., 2010. “Numerical Simulations of Depressurization-Induced Gas Production from the Gulf of Mexico, The Blue and Orange Walker Ridge 313 and Green Canyon 955 Hydrate Deposits,” AGU, OS53A-1357

Myshakin, E. M., Anderson, B. J., Rose, K., Boswell, R., 2010. "Simulation of long-term depressurization-induced gas production from C & D unit reservoirs, Mount Elbert-01, Milne Point Unit, North Slope Alaska, Hydrate Deposit," National Gas Hydrates Research and Development Program Review, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, January, 2010.

Pohlman, J., M. Riedel, W. Waite, K. Rose, L. Lapham, T.S. Hamilton, R. Enkin, G.D. Spence, R.D. Hyndman and R. Haacke, 2008. “Geochemical indications of slope failure on the northern Cascadia margin frontal ridge,” Eos Trans. AGU, 89(53), Fall Meet. Suppl. Abstract OS32A-08.

Rose, K., 2010. “Impact of lithologic heterogeneity and its potential influence on gas hydrate occurrence, concentration, and form in natural systems – Example from the Mount Elbert-01 Well,” Gordon Research Conference on Natural Gas Hydrate Systems, Colby College, Waterville, ME, June 6-11, 2010.

Rose, K., 2010. “Predicting and Evaluating Natural Gas Hydrate Systems, the Geologic Key – Examples from Recent Field Studies,” 7th International Workshop on Methane Hydrate Research & Development, Te Papa, Wellington, New Zealand.

Rose, K., 2010. “Introduction to the UNEPS-GRID Global Assessment on Gas Hydrates,” 7th International Workshop on Methane Hydrate Research & Development, Te Papa, Wellington, New Zealand.

Rose, K., 2010."Insights from the geologic evaluation of sediment cores from hydrate & non-hydrate lithofacies: Results from recent field studies and goals for future field, experimental and modeling efforts," National Gas Hydrates Research and Development Program Review, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, January, 2010.

Rose, K., Coffin, R., Smith, J., Greinert, J., Wood, W., 2010. "Review of the MITAS-2009 Expedition Across the U.S. Beaufort Shelf & Slope of Alaska: An introduction to the first trans-shelf-slope climate study in the U.S. Beaufort Sea: Preliminary findings, and next steps," National Gas Hydrates Research and Development Program Review, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, January, 2010.

Rose, K., Joel Johnson, Joseph Smith, Richard Coffin, Warren Wood, Jens Greinert, Pat Hart, Tom Lorenson. Geology, Shallow Lithostratigraphy, and the Distribution of Methane through Shallow Sediments of the Beaufort Shelf of Alaska. National Gas Hydrates Research and Development Program Review, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, January, 2010.

Rose, K., 2010. "Mount Elbert-01 Lithostratigraphic Montage," National Gas Hydrates Research and Development Program Review, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, January, 2010.

Rose, K., Coffin, R., Smith, J., Greinert, J., Wood, W., 2010. "Review of the MITAS-2009 Expedition Across the U.S. Beaufort Shelf & Slope of Alaska: An introduction to the first trans-shelf-slope climate study in the U.S. Beaufort Sea: Preliminary findings, and next steps," Methane Hydrates Federal Advisory Committee Meeting, Georgia Institute of Technology, January, 2010.

Rose, K., Johnson, J. E., Smith, J. P., Coffin, R. B., Wood, W. T., Hart, P. E., Greinert, J., Lorenson, T. D., 2009. “The Role of Geology and Shallow Lithostratigraphy in the Distribution of Methane Flux through Shallow Sediments Across the Beaufort Shelf of Alaska,” Eos Trans. AGU, 90(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract OS31A-1179.

Rose, K., Johnson, J.E., Reed, A.H., Smith, J.P., 2010. “Sedimentology, Lithostratigraphy and Physical Properties of Recently Acquired Shallow Piston and Vibra Cores from the U.S. Beaufort Shelf and Slope, Arctic Ocean,” Eos Trans. AGU 91(26),Ocean Sci. Meet. Suppl. Abstract PO45C-14.

Rose, K., 2010. “Methane Hydrates Field Studies, Geologic Constraints on Gas Hydrate Occurrences,” University of Aarhus, Denmark.

Rose, K., Collett, T., Boswell, R., and Hunter, R., 2009. “Lithostratigraphic analysis and sedimentology of cores from the Mount Elbert-01 gas hydrate stratigraphic well,” Proceedings of the 2009 American Association of Petroleum Geologists Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, June 2009.

Rose, K., 2009. “The U.S. Department of Energy-led Interagency Program in Gas Hydrates,” First International Workshop on Developing Long Term International Collaboration on Climate Change Research and Monitoring in the Arctic Ocean.

Rose, K., 2009. “Advances in the Exploration for Methane Hydrate Accumulations, a Potential Future Natural Gas Resource – Examples from India and the Alaska North Slope,” Virginia Tech, Department of Geology & Geophysics, February 2009.

Rose, K., 2009. “The Global Pursuit for Methane Hydrates: Advances in Exploration and Present Hurdles,” National Renewable Energy Laboratory, January 2009.

Rose, K., Boswell, R., and Johnson, J., 2008. “Lithostratigraphic analysis of sand and silt facies from NGHP 01 gas hydrate accumulations in the Krishna-Godavari Basin,” Eos Trans. AGU, 89(53), Fall Meet. Suppl., OS41D-1260

Rose, K., 2008. “Naturally-occurring Gas Hydrates: Examples from recent field studies,” West Virginia University, April 2008.

Rose, K., 2008. “The Global Pursuit for Gas Hydrates: Examples from recent international field studies,” Methane Hydrates Federal Advisory Committee, April 2008.

Rose, K., J. E. Johnson, L. Giosan, and the NGHP-01 Shipboard Scientific Party, 2008. “Lithologic and geologic controls on gas hydrate occurrences; examples from the Mahanadi Basin, Krishna-Godavari Basin, and Andaman Islands,” Indian National Gas Hydrate Program Gas Hydrate Conference, New Delhi, India, February 2008.

Teichert, B.M.A., J.E. Johnson, L. Giosan, and K. Rose, 2008. “Authigenic carbonate precipitates from the Krishna-Godawari and Mahanadi Basins, eastern continental margin of India,” Indian National Gas Hydrate Program Gas Hydrate Conference, New Delhi, India, February 2008.

Torres, M.E., Rose, K., Agena, W., Rosenbaum, E., Lorenson, T., Winters, W., Colwell, F., Collett, T., 2009. “Inferences on gas hydrate resource characterization based on pore fluid geochemistry from the Mount Elbert Gas Hydrate Stratigraphic Test Well,” Proceedings of the 2009 American Association of Petroleum Geologists Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, June 2009.

Walsh, M., Hancock, S., Wilson, S., Patil, S., Moridis, G., Boswell, R., Collett, T., Koh, C., Sloan, D., 2008. “Preliminary report on the economics of gas production from natural gas hydrates,” Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Gas Hydrates, 2008.

Wilder, J., Moridis, G., Wilson, S., Kurihara, M., White, M., Masuda, Y., Anderson, B., Collett, T., Hunter, R., Narita, H., Pooladi-Darvish, M., Rose, K., Boswell, R. 2008. “An international effort to compare gas hydrate reservoir simulators ,” Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Gas Hydrates, 2008.

Winters, W., Walker, M., Kwon, O., Hunter, R., Collett, T., Waite, W., Rose, K., Torres, M., and Colwell, R., 2009. “Intrinsic properties of sediment from the BPXA-DOE Mount Elbert gas hydrate research well, “Proceedings of the 2009 American Association of Petroleum Geologists Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, June 2009.

Winters, W.J., M. Gomes, L. Giosan, J. Johnson, M. Kastner, M.E. Torres, P.E. Long, H.T. Shaef, K. Rose, 2008. “Physical Properties of Sediment from the Indian National Gas Hydrate Program Expedition 01 Offshore India,” Indian National Gas Hydrate Program Gas Hydrate Conference, New Delhi, India, February 2008.

Wood, W.T., P. E. Hart; J. Greinert; M. A. De Batist; K. Rose; R. B. Coffin, 2009. “Constraints on Methane Distribution,” Eos Trans. AGU, 90(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract OS23B-02

Yang, S., Zhang, H., Wu, N., Su, X., Schultheiss, P., Holland, M., Zhang, G., Liang, J., Lu, J., Rose, K., 2008. “High concentration hydrate in disseminated forms obtained in Shenhu area, North Slope of South China Sea,” Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Gas Hydrates, 2008.

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