Project No: FE0004771
Performer: The Research Foundation of State University of New York


Contacts

Richard A. Dennis
Technology Manager, Turbines
National Energy Technology Laboratory
3610 Collins Ferry Road
P.O. Box 880
Morgantown, WV 26507-0880
304-285-4515
richard.dennis@netl.doe.gov

Briggs White
Project Manager
National Energy Technology Laboratory
3610 Collins Ferry Road
P.O. Box 880
Morgantown, WV 26507-0880
304-285-5437
briggs.white@netl.doe.gov

Sanjay Sampath
Principal Investigator
Stony Brook University
130 Heavy Engineering
Stony Brook, NY 11794
631-632-9512
sanjay.sampath@stonybrook.edu

Duration
Award Date:  10/01/2010
Project Date:  12/31/2014

Cost
DOE Share: $401,238.00
Performer Share: $115,797.00
Total Award Value: $517,035.00

Performer website: The Research Foundation of State University of New York - http://www.stonybrook.edu/

Advanced Energy Systems - Hydrogen Turbines

Advanced Thermal Barrier Coatings for Operation in High Hydrogen Content Fueled Gas Turbines

Project Description

Recent research data indicate that the current bill of coating materials is not directly compatible with the moisture-rich, ash-laden environment present with coal-derived high hydrogen content (HHC) fuels. Thus, Stony Brook University research focuses on a multi-layer, multifunctional strategy that includes discretely engineered coating layers to combat various technical issues through a concerted effort integrating material science, processing science, and performance studies, including recent developments in advanced, in situ thermal spray coating property measurement for full-field enhancement of coating and process reliability. This project will further the science-based understanding of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) and elevate the roles that processing and novel materials can play in extending bond coat and top coat lifetimes, and provide a new framework for examining the processing-performance relationship in multilayer thermal barriers as a pathway for reliable integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) coating development, and provide new insight for the thermal spray industry.

In this project, TBCs will be developed through investigation into how processing affects the oxidation behavior of metallic bond coats in water vapor environments, and by developing ceramic top coat architectures using thermal spray processing of emerging zirconate materials that have shown promise as advanced thermal barriers. Novel, in situ particle and coating state sensors will be used to accelerate process development and understand processing-microstructure relationships and process reliability. A systematic evaluation of multilayer coatings on nickel superalloys will determine properties (including microstructure, compliance, residual stress, thermal conductivity, and sintering behavior) and degradation mechanisms due to high-temperature water vapor and ash exposure as well as erosion.

Cross-sectional scanning electron microscope image of the tri-layer TBC on NiCoCrAlY bond coated substrate.

Cross-sectional scanning electron microscope image of the
tri-layer TBC on NiCoCrAlY bond coated substrate.


Program Background and Project Benefits

Turbines convert heat energy to mechanical energy by expanding a hot, compressed working fluid through a series of airfoils. Combustion turbines compress air, mix and combust it with a fuel (natural gas, coal-derived synthesis gas [syngas], or hydrogen), and then expand the combustion gases through the airfoils. Expansion turbines expand a working fluid like steam or supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2) that has been heated in a heat exchanger by an external heat source. These two types of turbines are used in conjunction to form a combined cycle— with heat from the combustion gases used as the heat source for the working fluid— improving efficiency and reducing emissions. If oxygen is used for combustion in place of air, then the combustion gases consist mostly of carbon dioxide (CO2) and water, and the CO2 can be easily separated and sent to storage or used for Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR). Alternatively, the CO2/steam combustion gases can be expanded directly in an oxy-fuel turbine. Turbines are the backbone of power generation in the US, and the diverse power cycles containing turbines provide a variety of electricity generation options for fossil derived fuels. The efficiency of combustion turbines has steadily increased as advanced technologies have provided manufacturers with the ability to produce highly advanced turbines that operate at very high temperatures. The Advanced Turbines program is developing technologies in four key areas that will accelerate turbine performance, efficiency, and cost effectiveness beyond current state-of-the-art and provide tangible benefits to the public in the form of lower cost of electricity (COE), reduced emissions of criteria pollutants, and carbon capture options. The Key Technology areas for the Advanced Hydrogen Turbines Program are: (1) Hydrogen Turbines, (2) Supercritical CO2 Power Cycles, (3) Oxy-Fueled Turbines, and (4) Advanced Steam Turbines.

Hydrogen turbine technology research is being conducted with the goal of producing reliable, affordable, and environmentally friendly electric power in response to the Nation's increasing energy challenges. NETL is leading the research, development, and demonstration of technologies to achieve power production from high hydrogen content (HHC) fuels derived from coal that is clean, efficient, and cost-effective; minimize carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions; and help maintain the Nation's leadership in the export of gas turbine equipment. These goals are being met by developing the most advanced technology in the areas of materials, cooling, heat transfer, manufacturing, aerodynamics, and machine design. Success in these areas will allow machines to be designed that have higher efficiencies and power output with lower emissions and lower cost.

Stony Brook will further the science-based understanding of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs); elevate the roles that processing and novel materials can play in extending bond coat and top coat lifetimes; provide a new framework for examining the processing-performance relationship in multilayer thermal barriers as a pathway for reliable integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) coating development; and provide new insight for the thermal spray industry. Materials research conducted under the Advanced Turbine Program seeks to improve coating materials that will allow for higher temperature operation and increased durability. These improvements will improve turbine efficiency and reduce maintenance, leading to lower capital costs, reduced operating costs, and reduced costs of electricity for consumers.


Accomplishments