Project No: FE0004343
Performer: ADA-ES Inc.


Contacts
Shailesh D. Vora
Technology Manager
Existing Plants, Emissions & Capture
National Energy Technology Laboratory
626 Cochrans Mill Road
P.O. Box 10940
Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0940
412-386-7515
shailesh.vora@netl.doe.gov
 
Bruce Lani
Project Manager
National Energy Technology Laboratory
626 Cochrans Mill Road
P.O. Box 10940
Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0940
412-386-5819
bruce.lani@netl.doe.gov
 
Sharon Sjostrom
Principal Investigator
ADA-ES, Inc.
8100 South Park Way, Unit B
Littleton, CO 80120-4527
303-734-1727
sharons@adaes.com

Duration
Award Date:  10/01/2010
Project Date:  09/30/2015

Cost
DOE Share: $16,531,841.00
Performer Share: $6,398,696.00
Total Award Value: $22,930,537.00

Performer website: ADA-ES Inc. - http://www.adaes.com

Carbon Capture - Post-Combustion Capture

Recovery Act: Evaluation of Solid Sorbents as a Retrofit Technology for CO2 Capture

Project Description

ADA-ES (ADA) and partners will design, construct and operate a 1 MW equivalent gas flow pilot-scale test unit to evaluate the performance and cost of an advanced solid sorbent CO2 capture technology. Results will be used to prepare detailed designs and cost estimates for industrial- and utility-scale CO2 capture applications.

The project will utilize progress on sorbent technology as demonstrated in bench-scale viability tests from a separate DOE project (DE-NT0005649) and will refine and optimize sorbent capture and regeneration processes through pilot testing and process modeling. Previous laboratory and preliminary field testing, engineering analyses, and physical modeling have shown that solid sorbent-based CO2 capture is a promising alternative to solvent-based capture technologies and it has distinct benefits due to anticipated lower regeneration energy requirements and higher CO2 capacity. ADA has evaluated over 100 potential CO2 sorbents from 20 developers in 6 countries to select sorbents for scale-up and has identified supported amines and activated carbon as the best performing candidates. Based on model and optimization studies of the solid sorbent technology process, the project will design, construct, and operate a 1 MW pilot plant on a slipstream of coal-fired flue gas for parametric studies and for a minimum two-month period of steady state operation. The information gained from the project operation will be used to complete a technical and economic analysis of the process.


Program Background and Project Benefits

The mission of the U.S. Department of Energy/National Energy Technology Laboratory (DOE/NETL) Existing Plants, Emissions & Capture (EPEC) Research & Development (R&D) Program is to develop innovative environmental control technologies to enable full use of the nation’s vast coal reserves, while at the same time allowing the current fleet of coal-fired power plants to comply with existing and emerging environmental regulations. The EPEC R&D Program portfolio of post- and oxy-combustion carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions control technologies and CO2 compression is focused on advancing technological options for the existing fleet of coal-fired power plants in the event of carbon constraints. This project is one of six R&D carbon capture projects from the EPEC program that were selected by DOE to receive funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). These projects will accelerate carbon capture R&D for industrial sources toward the goal of cost-effective carbon capture within 10 years.

Pulverized coal (PC) plants burn coal in air to produce steam and comprise 99 percent of all coal-fired power plants in the United States. CO2 is exhausted in the flue gas at atmospheric pressure and a concentration of 10–15 percent by volume. Post-combustion separation and capture of CO2 is a challenging application due to the low pressure and dilute concentration of CO2 in the waste stream, trace impurities in the flue gas (nitrogen oxides [NOX], sulfur oxides [SOX], and particulate matter [PM]) that affect removal processes, and the parasitic energy cost associated with the capture and compression of CO2.

Sorbent-based technologies, which adsorb CO2 onto a solid sorbent, have the potential to effectively reduce the energy penalties and costs associated with post-combustion CO2 capture for industrial facilities, as well as for both new and existing PC-fired power plants.

This project will advance a solid sorbent-based CO2 capture process that has been validated through laboratory and field tests to a 1 MW slipstream pilot test to demonstrate the technology’s potential to significantly reduce the energy penalty and costs compared to current state-of-the-art technologies. This work continues the evaluation and optimization of promising candidate sorbents on a slipstream testing level and increases the likelihood of developing an economical, commercial-ready CO2 capture technology for industrial- and utility-scale applications.

Goals

The project goal is to validate and optimize a solid sorbent-based CO2 capture technology through pilot testing and process modeling. The project outcome is to define a path forward for achieving 90 percent post-combustion CO2 capture at less than a 35 percent increase in cost of electricity (COE) for a sorbent-based technology which is applicable to industrial sources of CO2 and that will be ready for demonstration testing in 2020 with potential commercial deployment beginning in 2030.

Objectives

Project objectives are to demonstrate the technical, economic, and energy benefits of a solid sorbent-based CO2 capture technology. Specific objectives include developing performance data through the operation of the system on a slipstream of flue gas; assessing sorbent performance sensitivity to flue gas constituents and effectiveness for capture of other regulated pollutants; operating the test continuously for at least two months to identify operating and maintenance issues and assess system reliability; removing at least 90 percent of the incoming CO2 from the flue gas; producing high purity CO2; and conducting a techno-economic analysis of the commercial design.

Planned Activities


Accomplishments