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Title: Near-Term Projections of CO2 Utilization for Enhanced Oil Recovery
Publication Number: DOE/NETL-2014/1648
Publication Date: 04/2014
Publication Type: Report/Publication
Contact: Phil DiPietro
Program/Technology: Climate Change
Oil & Natural Gas
Carbon Sequestration
Author: Matt Wallace and Vello Kuuskraa
Synopsis: In 2013 a total of 113 CO2-EOR projects inject 3.1 billion cubic feet per day (Bcfd) (60 million metric tons (MMmt) per year) of CO2 for enhanced oil recovery in the United States.  The associated crude oil production in 2012 was 282,000 barrels per day.  Based on the increased volumes of CO2 supplies, the completion of major CO2 pipelines, and the announced new, large-scale CO2-EOR floods, production of crude oil from CO2-EOR floods is forecast to grow significantly, reaching 615,000 barrels per day from at least 124 active CO2 floods by year 2020.  While the Permian Basin remains the largest CO2-EOR oil producer, much of the growth occurs in the Gulf Coast, the Rockies, and the Mid-Continent.
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