Cost and Performance Baselines for Fossil Energy Plants

Overview

The studies listed on this page establish estimates for the performance and cost of combustion- and gasification-based power plants as well as options for co-generating synthetic natural gas and fuels, all with and without carbon dioxide capture and storage.  Several ranks of coal are assessed in process configurations that are intended to represent the next commercial offering.   
The four volume set consists of the following:

  • Volume 1: Bituminous Coal and Natural Gas to Electricity
    • Volume 1a: Bituminous Coal (PC) and Natural Gas (NGCC) to Electricity
    • Volume 1b: Bituminous Coal (IGCC) and Natural Gas (NGCC) to Electricity – Year Dollar Update
  • Volume 2: Coal to Synthetic Natural Gas and Ammonia(Various Coal Ranks)
  • Volume 3: Low-Rank Coal and Natural Gas to Electricity
  • Volume 4: Bituminous Coal to Liquid Fuels with Carbon Capture

These reports are considered to be the most comprehensive set of publicly-available data to date. Existing reports will be updated and additional analyses added as necessary to keep this information as current as possible. Visit this page frequently to see the latest in baseline performance and cost estimates.

Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants

  • Volume 1a - Bituminous Coal (PC) and Natural Gas to Electricity (July 2015) 
    The Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Power Plants, Volume 1a: Bituminous Coal (PC) and Natural Gas to Electricity (July 2015) [PDF-4.57MB], establishes performance and cost data for fossil energy power systems, pulverized coal (PC) plants fueled with bituminous coal and natural gas combined cycle (NGCC) plants, all with and without carbon capture and storage. The analyses were performed on a consistent technical and economic basis that reflects current market conditions. The study serves as a benchmark to track the progress of DOE Fossil Energy R&D and as a baseline for analyzing fossil energy plant options. This is believed to provide the most comprehensive set of cost and performance data using bituminous coal available in the public literature to date. The cost and performance data were compiled from published reports, information obtained from vendor quotes and users of the technology, and data from designing and building utility projects.

  • Volume 1b - Bituminous Coal (IGCC) and Natural Gas to Electricity (Summer 2015) 
    The Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Power Plants, Volume 1b: Bituminous Coal (IGCC) to Electricity – Year Dollar Update (Summer 2015) [PDF-X.XXMB], establishes performance and cost data for integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plants fueled with bituminous coal, both with and without carbon capture and storage. This report includes IGCC performance updates from the November 2010 release of Volume 1 (Revision 2), but with all cases updated to 2011 year dollars.

    • Final Report, Vol. 1b, Rev. 2a – Year Dollar Update (Summer 2015)[PDF-X.XXMB]
  • Volume 2 - Coal to Synthetic Natural Gas and Ammonia (Various Coal Ranks) (July 2011)
    The Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Power Plants, Volume 2: Coal to Synthetic Natural Gas and Ammonia (July 2011) [PDF-2.6MB], establishes performance and cost data for coal fueled plants producing synthetic natural gas and ammonia. The plants are based on a dry-feed entrained-flow gasifier and include cases using bituminous, sub-bituminous, and lignite coals. All configurations were studied with and without carbon sequestration. The analyses were performed on a consistent technical and economic basis that accurately reflects current market conditions for plants starting operation in 2012. This is believed to provide the most comprehensive set of cost and performance data available in the public literature to date. The cost and performance data were compiled from published reports, information obtained from vendor quotes and users of the technology, and data from designing and building projects.
  • Volume 3 - Low-Rank Coal to Electricity (March 2011)
    The Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants - Volume 3: Low Rank Coal and Natural Gas to Electricity contains three separate reports including 28 cases: integrated gasification combined cycle plants (Volume 3a), combustion plants (Volume 3b), and natural gas combined cycle plants (Volume 3c). This study establishes performance and cost data for fossil energy power systems, specifically integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC), combustion, and natural gas combined cycle (NGCC) plants all with and without carbon capture and sequestration. Most of the coal fired plants are studied using both Rosebud Montana Powder River Basin Coal (PRB) at a Montana site at an elevation of 3,400 feet and North Dakota Lignite (NDL) at a mine-mouth North Dakota site at an elevation of 1,900 feet. NGCC plants are also studied at both locations. The analyses were performed on a consistent technical and economic basis that accurately reflects current market conditions for coal-fueled plants starting operation in 2012 and natural gas-fueled plants starting operation in 2010. The study serves as a benchmark to track the progress of DOE Advanced Power Systems R&D and as a baseline for analyzing fossil energy plant options. This study is believed to provide the most comprehensive set of cost and performance data using low rank coals available in the public literature to date. The cost and performance data were compiled from published reports, information obtained from vendor quotes and users of the technology, and data from designing and building utility projects. Selected study cases were peer-reviewed by vendors, industry experts, academia, and government research and regulatory agencies. In addition to the report sections, an overview executive summary and presentation summarizing the results of all three reports are also available.

  • Volume 4 - Bituminous Coal to Liquid Fuels with Carbon Capture
    The Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Power Plants, Volume 4: Coal-to-Liquids via Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis (Oct 2014) [PDF-1.72MB], establishes performance and cost data for coal-to-liquids systems, specifically by means of gasification and Fischer-Tropsch reaction.  The analyses were performed on a consistent technical and economic basis to assess the design and financial performance of a commercial-scale coal-to-Fischer-Tropsch liquids facility.  The cost and performance data were compiled from published reports, information obtained from vendor quotes and users of the technology, and data from designing and building utility and refining projects. 
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