Turbines

The NETL Advanced Turbines Program manages a research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) portfolio designed to remove environmental concerns over the future use of fossil fuels by developing revolutionary, near-zero-emission advanced turbines technologies. In response to the Nation’s increasing power supply challenges, NETL is researching next-generation turbine technology with the goal of producing reliable, affordable, diverse, and environmentally friendly energy supplies. Program and project emphasis is on understanding the underlying factors affecting combustion, aerodynamics/heat transfer, and materials for advanced turbines and turbine based power cycles. The Advanced Turbines Program currently has three technology areas:

  • Advanced Combustion Turbines
  • Supercritical CO2 Turbomachinery
  • Pressure Gain Combustion

These technology areas are supported by a portfolio of research projects that are organized under the following categories/programs:

  • Advanced Research
  • University Turbine Systems Research Program
  • Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program

The Advanced Turbines Program at NETL is focused on R&D activities to develop technologies that will accelerate turbine performance, efficiency, and emissions reduction beyond current state-of-the-art and reduce the risk to market for novel and advanced turbine-based power cycles.

Advanced turbines development is undertaken in two parts: (1) fundamental research to address gaps in the knowledge base for turbine advancement and (2) applied development that is focused on building components that utilize the latest cutting-edge materials and technology to demonstrate feasibility in real-world conditions. These efforts directly support the overall goals for the Advanced Turbines Program by addressing significant scientific and engineering challenges associated with meeting increasing demands on turbine technology when using hydrogen fuels derived from coal as well as pursuing new and promising turbine technologies and turbine-based power systems. U.S. industry leaders for large-frame power-generation turbines for IGCC pursue technologies that will enable 65% combined cycle efficiency (LHV, natural gas benchmark). Their work is directly supported by the applied research of the University Turbine Systems Research (UTSR) program. Research conducted through the UTSR program is closely coupled to DOE goals and industry’s needs in the areas of hydrogen combustion, materials, heat transfer, and aerodynamics. The Advanced Research and SBIR projects support the development of new and innovative manufacturing techniques and address fundamental understanding in materials and combustion research.