Best Practices Manuals

Developing best practices (or reliable and consistent standards and operational characteristics for CO2collection, injection, and storage) is essential for providing the basis for a legal and regulatory framework and encouraging widespread global CCS deployment. The lessons learned during the Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships' (RCSP) validation phase small-scale field tests are being utilized to generate a series of Best Practices Manuals (BPMs) that serve as the basis for the design and implementation of both large-scale field tests and commercial carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects.


NETL has released six BPMS:

  • NETL's Monitoring, Verification, and Accounting (MVA) for Geologic Storage – 2017 Revised
    BPM provides an overview of monitoring, verification, and accounting (MVA) techniques that are currently in use or are being developed; summarizes DOE's MVA R&D program; and presents information that can be used by regulatory organizations, project developers, and policymakers to ensure the safety and efficacy of carbon storage projects.
Monitoring, Verification, and Accounting (MVA) of CO2 Stored in Deep Geologic Formations
Public Outreach and Education for Carbon Storage Projects
  • NETL’s Operations for Geologic Storage – 2017 Revised
    Edition BPM provides an overall outline for the lifecycle of a storage project from project and site development planning and permitting, through injection operations, post-injection site care and site closure. This manual serves as a revision to the previous Carbon Storage Systems and Well Management BPM.
  1. Provides stakeholders with a compilation of best practices for site screening, selection, and characterization.
  2. Communicates the experience gained through DOE’s RCSP Program in the characterization and validation phases.
  3. Develops a consistent, industry-standard framework, terminology, and set of guidelines for project-related storage capacity and potential risk estimates.
Site Screening, Selection, and Characterization for Storage of CO2 in Deep Geologic Formations
  • NETL’s Risk Management and Simulation for Geologic Storage Projects - 2017 Revised Edition BPM illustrates the concepts of risk analysis (risk assessment) and numerical simulation by examining the experience gained by DOE's RCSPs while conducting multiple field projects. This BPM focuses on the risks arising from unplanned migration of injected CO2 from the confining zone and the ways in which the RCSPs have used codes to model the specific processes (thermal and hydrologic, chemical, mechanical, and biologic) in the subsurface that need to be considered when modeling the behavior of injected CO2.
Risk Analysis and Simulation for Geologic Storage of CO2
Geologic Storage Formation Classification: Understanding Its Importance and Impacts on CCS Opportunities in the United States
  • NETL's Terrestrial Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide BPM details the most suitable operational approaches and techniques for terrestrial storage, a CO2 mitigation strategy capable of removing CO2 already in the air by enhancing the storage capability of soils, grazing and crop lands, and trees.
Terrestrial Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide