The Carbon Storage Program involves three key elements for technology development: Core Research and Development (R&D), Infrastructure, and Global Collaborations. The image below displays the relationship among the three elements and provides a means for navigation of NETL's Storage Program Website.
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|NETL's Carbon Storage Program Structure
Core R&D is driven by industry's technology needs and separates those needs into focus areas to more efficiently obtain solutions that can then be tested and deployed in the field. The Core R&D Element contains four focus areas for applied research and carbon storage technology development: (1) Geologic Storage, (2) Monitoring, Verification, and Accounting (MVA), (3) Simulation and Risk Assessment, and (4) CO2 Utilization.
The Infrastructure element of DOE's Carbon Storage Program focuses on R&D initiatives to advance geologic CO2 storage toward commercialization. The Infrastructure element includes crosscutting projects from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) that funded projects that complement the existing Carbon Storage Program's efforts to develop carbon capture and storage (CCS) infrastructure in the United States. The following provides a summary of all of the Infrastructure elements:
- Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships (RCSPs) efforts
- Geologic Characterization efforts (RCSP, ARRA, and NATCARB)
- Other Small- and Large-Volume Field Tests where validation of various CCS technology options and their efficacy are being confirmed
- Knowledge Sharing as a means to distribute information and CCS lessons learned to provide the foundation for future, large-scale CCS field tests across North America and address future challenges associated with public acceptance, infrastructure, and an acceptable regulatory framework.
The Global Collaborations element of the Carbon Storage Program tests new technologies and benefits from specific solutions developed in the Core R&D and Infrastructure elements. In turn, data gaps and lessons learned from the Infrastructure element's small- and large-scale field demonstrations are fed back to the Core R&D Element of the program to guide future research, international demonstration projects, and RCSP field projects. Global Collaborations include ongoing partnerships with numerous global organizations to leverage U.S. expertise and include:
These collaborations benefit U.S. efforts to develop technologies and tools to meet the strategic goals of NETL's Storage Program.
The Carbon Storage Program also supports the development of best practices for CCS that will benefit projects implementing CCS on a commercial scale, such as in the Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI) and Industrial Carbon Sequestration Programs. In general, DOE-applied research is being leveraged with both field and laboratory testing to assess the technical and economic viability of CCS as a greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation option. DOE has established the following plan to ensure that the goal of developing these technologies is met:
- Manage Core R&D activities within specific focus areas where challenges are identified and investigated further to develop essential technologies.
- Utilize the RCSP Initiative to develop future infrastructure, as well as validate and field test technologies through all stages leading to commercialization.
- Collaborate with global partnerships and leadership forums by providing technology solutions and receiving test results from global initiatives and international demonstration projects.
- Engage a wide variety of industry; federal, state, and local government agencies; academia; and environmental organizations.
- Work with NETL's Office of Program Planning and Analyses (OPPA) to determine the benefits of research and establish a systems approach to confirm that technologies are capable of meeting Carbon Storage Program goals.