The Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF) is a voluntary climate initiative of industrially developed and developing nations that account for about 77 percent of all manmade carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The CSLF gathers intellectual, technical, and financial resources from all parts of the world to support the long-term goal of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) – the stabilization of atmospheric CO2 concentrations in this century. Joint efforts by DOE and the U.S. Department of State established the CSLF in 2003 to facilitate the development of improved cost-effective technologies related to carbon capture, transportation, and long-term storage; promote the implementation of these technologies internationally; and determine the most appropriate political and regulatory framework needed to promote carbon capture and storage (CCS) on a global scale.
CSLF members engage in cooperative technology development aimed at enabling the early reduction and steady elimination of CO2 generated through the production of electricity and other heavy industrial activity, both of which generate more than 60 percent of CO2 emissions.
The specific goals of the CSLF include:
- Identify key obstacles to achieving improved technological capacity
- Identify potential areas of multilateral collaborations on carbon separation, capture, transport, and storage technologies
- Foster collaborative research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) projects reflecting Members' priorities
- Identify potential issues relating to the treatment of intellectual property
- Establish guidelines for the collaborations and reporting of their results
- Assess regularly the progress of collaborative RD&D projects and make recommendations on the direction of such projects
- Establish and regularly assess an inventory of the potential areas of needed research
- Organize collaboration with all sectors of the international research community, including industry, academia, government and non-government organizations
- Develop strategies to address issues of public perception
- Conduct other activities to advance achievement of the CSLF's purpose as the members may determine
The CSLF is made up of 25 members, including 24 countries and the European Commission. Members represent the world's largest blocs of economic activity, including the North America Free Trade Area, the European Union, and the leading economies of Asia. At present, 32 projects worldwide have received CSLF recognition. A technical group within the CSLF evaluates all projects proposed for recognition to determine the projects that exhibit the following:
- Information exchange and networking
- Planning and road-mapping
- Facilitation of collaboration
- Research and development
- Other issues related to CCS as indicated in Article 1 of the CSLF Charter.
Projects that meet all evaluation criteria are recommended to the Policy Group. A project becomes recognized by the CSLF following approval by the Policy Group. Ten of the 32 CSLF-recognized projects have been completed, and 17 are DOE supported. The following table lists the DOE-supported field projects recognized by the CSLF:
DOE continues to maintain a leadership role in the CSLF as well as provide support to 44 CCS projects worldwide – 36 domestic and 8 foreign projects (4 in Canada and 1 each in Germany, Australia, Algeria, and Norway) through the Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (RCSP) Initiative's Global Collaborations efforts. These 44 projects include 1 capture project, 22 storage projects, and 21 combined capture/storage projects.