MORGANTOWN W.Va. - Delphi Corp. of Troy, Mich.,
has achieved all of its goals for solid oxide fuel cell performance,
efficiency, and cost during phase I of its project in the Department
of Energy's Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) program.
The achievement is a significant step toward the SECA goal of a market-ready,
affordable solid oxide fuel cell by 2010 and enables Delphi to enter
phase II of the SECA program.
In its recently completed demonstration, Delphi reached the following
- Power-Produced peak power of 4.24 kilowatts using methane
to achieve the SECA goal of 3-10 kilowatts.
- Efficiency-Demonstrated a peak efficiency of 37 percent, exceeding
the goal of 35 percent for small stationary systems.
- Power Degradation-Met the durability goal by achieving a power
degradation of 7 percent during 1,500 operating hours.
- Factory Cost-Attained an estimated cost of $767 per kilowatt for
NETL validated those results through its Fuel Cell Test Facility where
researchers can evaluate solid oxide fuel cell technologies and provide
performance testing of prototype fuel cell systems.
"Achieving the goals of the SECA partnership is important for U.S.
economic, environmental, and energy security concerns," according to
Wayne Surdoval, DOE's SECA Program Manager. "Not only will Delphi's
fuel-flexible SOFC system provide clean, efficient electrical power
for vehicles of all sizes, but its modularity will enable manufacturing-scale
economics for larger scale, near-zero emission power plants as well-a
key objective for the FutureGen initiative."
A fuel cell is an electrochemical device that converts the chemical
energy of a fuel (hydrogen, coal, natural gas, gasoline, or diesel)
into electrical energy without combustion. In today's energy market,
with high costs, shortages, and emissions concerns, fuel cells are
becoming increasingly attractive because they produce none of the air
pollutants associated with conventional power systems, are fuel flexible
and dramatically reduce the release of greenhouse gases.
The SECA program was initiated in the fall of 1999 as an alliance
between government, industry, and the scientific community to capitalize
on the advantages of SOFC technology and develop SOFCs that could eventually
be sold in virtually every market needing clean, affordable electric
power. The Energy Department projects that SECA technology will save
the Nation more than $50 billion by 2025 through increased efficiency
and lower fuel costs.
In phase I of the program, DOE established a number of goals aimed
at moving fuel cell development toward a 2010 target date for low-cost
fuel cells ready for the commercial market. The ultimate goal is to
reduce the cost to $400 per kilowatt, which would make fuel cell energy
competitive with conventional power sources.
Delphi's focus is to successfully develop and test a 5-kilowatt fuel
cell capable of mass-production at low cost competitive with traditional
energy sources. The company's fuel cells would initially target auxiliary
power units with the ability to scale to large stationary systems.
Following the success of phase I, Delphi and the Energy Department
will again partner in phase II of the program, a 3-year $45-million
substantially cost-shared effort. Phase II will further reduce solid
oxide fuel cell cost, increase small system efficiency to 40 percent,
and increase power density.
Two Department of Energy national laboratories, the National Energy Technology
Laboratory and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, spearhead the SECA
program. For more information, visit the SECA website at http://www.seca.doe.gov/.